What does the Ethernet Network Interface mean? Ethernet network interface means a circuit board or card installed as a network client on a personal computer or workstation. A network interface allows a computer or mobile device to connect to a local area network (LAN) using Ethernet as the transmission mechanism.
Ethernet network interface has several Ethernet standards that must be compatible with varying transmission rates and error correction types / rates. Ethernet is a standard for the transmission of binary data, and although hardware specifications are defined, it is hardware independent, so you can use any kind of transmission equipment depending on capabilities, from Ethernet network interface, fiber optic, coaxial copper to wireless connectivity.
What is Ethernet Networking Interface?
Ethernet is the most used LAN technology. Using the IEEE 802.3 standard, Xerox was produced by DEC and Intel later in the early 1970s with development assistance. However, the transmission rates were only 10 Mbps.
Fast Ethernet increased the speed to 100 Mbps and the next iteration reached 1000 Mbps or 1.0 Gbps in 1998. Many enterprise networks use a transmission technology known as Gigabit Ethernet, using the IEEE 802.3z standard, which requires fiber optics. This standard is often called 1000Base-X.
The next standard in 1999 was IEEE 802.ab and was known as 1000Base-T.
In 2000, two computers – Apple’s Power Mac G4 and PowerBook G4 – were serial and connected to 1000Base-T Ethernet network connections. This feature was available on a number of other mass-produced desktop computers. By 2009, Gigabit Ethernet (GbE or 1 GigE) Network Interface Controllers (NICs) were included in almost all desktop computers and server systems.
In addition, as of 2009, higher bandwidth 10 Gbps standards have been developed and 10Gb Ethernet 1Gb has become the backbone of most networks.
There is a newer (about 2011) standard called Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA) called 1000BASE-T and 1000BASE-TX (Gigabit Ethernet) and 10GBASE-T (10Gb Ethernet).
The 1000BASE-TX standard is a simplified design that requires less costly electronics (NICs in network terminal computers). However, 1000BASE-TX requires a CAT 6 cable and is commercially commercially viable due to the limited advantage of this standard and potentially the cost of rewiring.
The newest features to the market are the 100 Gigabit / s Ethernet standard.
Gigabit Ethernet (GbE)
10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE)
100 Gigabit Ethernet (100GbE)